Transcript: Rebecca Zumeta Edmonds, PhD
Rebecca Zumeta Edmonds explains that the DBI approach can still be used to provide intensive intervention (time: 1:01).
A lot of the original research that was done in this area was to train special educators to better use data to design individualized instructional programs. In that research, teachers were not necessarily doing this within the context of a tiered system like RTI, and so with that in mind it does suggest that this kind of an approach can work even if you don’t have a tiered system in place. However, we do find an MTSS system can be helpful in making sure that there are structures to allow for an appropriate number of kids to be identified for a DBI process, for teachers to be already oriented toward data, for there to be a progress-monitoring tool that the school is already using. So there are some implementation considerations that may be simpler when RTI or PBIS are already happening, but it is certainly not a requirement for a teacher to be able to use progress-monitoring data to inductively design more individualized programs for students.