In some cases, the teacher may implement an antecedent-based intervention. This involves making changes to the setting or situation in order to address the problem behavior. A teacher who implements an antecedent-based intervention could make adjustments in classroom routines and procedures to:
- Eliminate triggers for the problem behavior
- Provide more opportunities for the student to display the replacement behavior
Although this is an antecedent-based intervention, the teacher will still need to monitor consequences to make certain that she reinforces instances of the replacement behavior and withholds reinforcement for the problem behavior.
|Problem behavior||When presented with multiple academic tasks, a student responds by scribbling on the papers, by tearing them up, or by proclaiming that he won’t do the work and that the teacher can’t make him.|
|Replacement behavior||When presented with multiple academic tasks, the student will complete the assigned tasks. He will raise his hand to request a break when he feels overwhelmed.|
The student becomes overwhelmed by multiple assignments. Therefore, the teacher will eliminate possible triggers by:
1) Reinforce the replacement behavior
The teacher will provide positive reinforcement when the student raises his hand to request a break, the duration of which will be faded over time.
2) Do not reinforce the problem behavior (i.e., extinction)
The teacher will not allow the student to avoid work by scribbling, tearing apart his papers, or refusing to work.