Considerations for IEP Development

March 14th, 2019, The IRIS Center

Jim Shriner provides information about two of the types of services that must be included in a student’s individualized education program: supplementary aids and services, and program modifications or supports for school personnel. He also shares his thoughts on some further considerations for IEP teams to keep in mind, and some of the ways that IEPs should be used by school personnel (time: 9:36).

Questions asked Jim Shriner in this audio:

  1. According to IDEA, an IEP should include a statement describing the services needed by the student. Further, IDEA identifies four types of services: special education services, related services, supplementary aids and services, and program modifications or supports for school personnel. Most people are familiar with the first two: special education and related services. Can you explain the third, supplementary aids and services?


Jim Shriner

Jim Shriner, PhD
Associate Professor of Special Education
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

  1. Now let’s talk about the fourth type: program modifications or supports for school personnel. What are they, and why are they necessary?
  2. Once they’ve documented the services and supports in the student’s IEP, what else should the IEP team consider?
  3. The next step for the IEP team is to determine where these services will be provided, how much time should be devoted to the services, and so on. Can you discuss some of the placement considerations for IEP teams?
  4. What are your thoughts regarding how the IEP should be used by school personnel?
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