What accommodations are commonly used for students with disabilities?

Page 4: Presentation

accommodation type is presentationPresentation accommodations allow a student with a disability to access information in ways other than standard visual or auditory means (e.g., by reading or listening). These accommodations change the way that instruction, directions, and information are presented to students. To better meet a student’s needs, presentation accommodations can be bundled. For example, tactile graphics might require auditory support. The table below outlines how teachers can present information so that students with disabilities can access tests or instructional content.

Presentation Accommodations
Visual Auditory Tactile
  • Books and materials with large print and graphics
  • Device to magnify print (e.g., handheld magnifiers, enlarged computer screen)
  • Visual cues (e.g., a bookmark for tracking while reading)
  • Note-taker (e.g., students gets notes from a peer in class or from teacher)
  • Reduction of visual clutter (e.g., high contrast between text and background; sufficient space between letters, words, and lines)
  • Amplification devices
  • Audio books
  • Oral reader (e.g., screen reader, peer, volunteers or adult)
  • Braille
  • Manipulatives
  • Tactile graphics (e.g., raised-line maps, charts, graphs)
acc_page04_02a a portable tablet reading device

What is it like to use a screen reader? Click here to find out.
acc_page04_02cQuinn uses braille. Click here to watch a video of him explaining what it is like to use braille.

Guiding Questions for Teachers

When teachers consider whether a student might require presentation accommodations, they should ask themselves some guiding questions. For example, does the student have a disability that makes it difficult to:

  • Read standard print?
  • Hear or understand spoken language?
  • Understand written text?
  • Manipulate text?

Presentation Accommodations in Action

Quinn is a high school student who is blind. He participates in the general education classroom with accommodations for his vision needs. Watch the video to see Quinn describe and use his refreshable braille device.

View Transcript

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