What accommodations are commonly used for students with disabilities?

Page 7: Timing and Scheduling

accommodation type is timing and schedulingTiming and scheduling accommodations allow students extra time to complete an activity or a test. When teachers adjust the timing and scheduling of instructional tasks and tests, they can support their students by reducing their fatigue or stress. The table below includes some examples of possible timing and scheduling accommodations.

Timing and Scheduling Accommodations
Teachers might:

  • Provide breaks as needed
  • Extend the time necessary to complete assignments
  • Provide a timeline for completing tasks
  • Break large tasks into smaller ones
  • Use a timer to signal the end of a break
  • Shorten testing sessions
  • Administer tests over more than one day
  • Schedule instructional activities or tests when the student is more alert

Guiding Questions for Teachers

When they are considering whether their students might require adjustments to timing and scheduling to complete activities and tests, teachers should ask themselves some guiding questions. For example, do their students:

  • Process information more slowly than their peers?
  • Take medications that may lower their energy level?
  • Fatigue easily?
  • Become frustrated easily?
  • Use assistive technology or other equipment that requires more time to complete activities or assessments?
  • Need frequent breaks?
  • Readily become anxious?
  • Have difficulty focusing on a task?
  • Need more time to navigate educational environments?

Timing and Scheduling Accommodations in Action

KatieKatie is an eight-year-old third-grade student. She has difficulty organizing materials, focusing on assignments, and sitting still for long periods. She often has tantrums or displays emotional outbursts in the classroom if she is not able to complete her work. With timing and scheduling accommodations, however, Katie is able to complete the same content as her grade-level peers.


Listen as Katie’s mom, Susan, discusses how these kinds of accommodations help her daughter succeed in the general education classroom (time: 0:49).

View Transcript

Susan, Katie's mom
Susan (Katie’s mom)

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