According to research published in Exceptional Children, IRIS was among only a handful of sites to receive top ratings for both levels of trust and quality of evidence. Click the link to learn more about it and more about other recent IRIS accomplishments.
What are some of the most common related services used in schools?
Page 7: Physical Therapy Services
Physical therapy as a related service is designed to help students with disabilities to improve their functional skills in a variety of school settings, including the classroom, gym, and playground. Students who might benefit from school-based physical therapy services may have disabilities such as cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, or developmental delay that affect their movement or posture. Students who might benefit from PT services may experience difficulty:
Walking or balancing
Maintaining a good seated position at their desks
Carrying materials (e.g., books, lunch tray)
Opening a locker
Maintaining energy for full participation in activities
Navigating the school environment (e.g., using canes, a walker, or a wheelchair)
Managing the playground or gym equipment
Transferring (e.g., from a walker to a toilet, from a desk seat to a standing position)
Getting from one place to another during allotted transition times
Participating in routine physical education activities
Physical therapists (PT) or physical therapist assistants (PTA) are required to hold both national and state licenses. PTs must have completed an accredited graduate degree program. PTAs must have graduated with an associate’s degree from an accredited PTA program and must work under the supervision of a PT.
Roles: Physical therapists work with students who have problems with mobility or gross motor skills (e.g., running, jumping, galloping, hopping, and ball skills) that affect their success in classroom or school-related activities. The PT’s or PTA’s primary role is to ensure that students with disabilities can physically access their educational and school-related settings and participate in the associated activities.
Nore is a second-grade student in a general education classroom who has cerebral palsy. His IEP goals are:
Maintaining his balance in the school environment
Navigating the school environment independently
Watch the videos below to see how Donna Schlappi, Nore’s PT, works with him to achieve these goals.
In the first video, she first helps Nore practice his walking balance by carrying a tray with objects on it. In this way, she hopes to help Nore learn to carry a tray with food in the lunchroom (time: 2:47).