What are some of the most common related services used in schools?
Page 8: Psychological Services
As a related service area, psychological services are designed to provide supports for students who have academic, emotional, or behavioral issues related to their disabilities. As is the case with other related services, these services sometimes are direct services (e.g., evaluating a student) and sometimes they are more indirect (e.g., consulting with a teacher or a parent) in natural settings. Among the students who might benefit from psychological services are those who have:
Difficulty organizing their time
Trouble with their academic work
Problems interacting with teachers, peers, or others in the school
Poor study skills
Struggles with family issues
Problems with being teased or bullied
School psychologists are trained in both psychology and education. In addition to completing a post-bachelor’s degree, school psychologists must hold a state certification or license in the state in which they work. The National School Psychology Certification Board (NSPCB) can also nationally certify them.
Roles: School psychologists work with students, the families of students, teachers, administrators, and the community to provide a myriad of services. Primary roles for school psychologists include assessment, counseling, and consultation. They connect the student to services both in and out of the school.
Obtain, integrate, and interpret information about student behavior and conditions related to learning (e.g., functional behavior assessment*)
Consult with other staff members in planning individualized programs to meet the special educational needs of students as indicated by psychological tests, interviews, direct observations, and behavioral evaluations
Plan and manage a program of psychological services, including psychological counseling for children and parents
Coordinate the response to intervention (RTI) data for evaluation purposes
Assist in developing positive behavioral intervention strategies
Help develop programs to promote mental health and wellness
* For more information on the role school psychologists play in the functional behavior assessment process, see the IRIS Module: