What are some of the most common related services used in schools?

Page 8: Psychological Services

Psychological ServicesAs a related service area, psychological services are designed to provide supports for students who have academic, emotional, or behavioral issues related to their disabilities. As is the case with other related services, these services sometimes are direct services (e.g., evaluating a student) and sometimes they are more indirect (e.g., consulting with a teacher or a parent) in natural settings. Among the students who might benefit from psychological services are those who have:

  • Student with a laptop computerDifficulty organizing their time
  • Trouble with their academic work
  • Problems interacting with teachers, peers, or others in the school
  • Poor study skills
  • Struggles with family issues
  • Problems with being teased or bullied
School Psychologists

Qualified Providers:

School psychologists are trained in both psychology and education. In addition to completing a post-bachelor’s degree, school psychologists must hold a state certification or license in the state in which they work. The National School Psychology Certification Board (NSPCB) can also nationally certify them.

Roles: School psychologists work with students, the families of students, teachers, administrators, and the community to provide a myriad of services. Primary roles for school psychologists include assessment, counseling, and consultation. They connect the student to services both in and out of the school.

Additional Roles of School Psychologists

  • Obtain, integrate, and interpret information about student behavior and conditions related to learning (e.g., functional behavior assessment*)
  • Consult with other staff members in planning individualized programs to meet the special educational needs of students as indicated by psychological tests, interviews, direct observations, and behavioral evaluations
  • Plan and manage a program of psychological services, including psychological counseling for children and parents
  • Coordinate the response to intervention (RTI) data for evaluation purposes
  • Assist in developing positive behavioral intervention strategies
  • Help develop programs to promote mental health and wellness

* For more information on the role school psychologists play in the functional behavior assessment process, see the IRIS Module:

National Professional Organization:

n a s p logoNational Association of School Psychologists (NASP)
the Psychologist’s Corner
Listen as John Desrochers and Harry McCormick discuss some of the supports provided by school psychologists.
John Desrochers, PhD
School Psychologist
Westport Public Schools
Westport, CT
Working with students who have IEPs
(time: 1:04)
Working with parents
(time: 0:35)
Contributing to a student’s success
(time: 1:10)
Harry McCormick, PhD
School Psychologist
Metro Nashville Public Schools
Nashville, TN
Collaborating with teachers
(time: 1:03)

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